Explosive: Monsanto ‘Knowingly Poisoned Workers’ Causing Devastating Birth Defects

Anthony Gucciardi
Natural Society / News Report
Published: Wednesday 11 April 2012
“The family farmers say that major tobacco companies like the Philip Morris company asked them to use Monsanto’s herbicides and pesticides, assuring them that the products were safe.”
Article image

In a developing news piece just unleashed by a courthouse news wire, Monsanto is being brought to court by dozens of Argentinean tobacco farmers who say that the biotech giant knowingly poisoned them with herbicides and pesticides and subsequently caused ”devastating birth defects” in their children. The farmers are now suing not only Monsanto on behalf of their children, but many big tobacco giants as well. The birth defects that the farmers say occurred as a result are many, and include cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, psychomotor retardation, missing fingers, and blindness.

The farmers come from small family-owned farms in Misiones Province and sell their tobacco to many United States distributors. The family farmers say that major tobacco companies like the Philip Morris company asked them to use Monsanto’s herbicides and pesticides, assuring them that the products were safe. Through asserting that the toxic chemicals were safe, the farmers state in their claim that the tobacco companies ”wrongfully caused the parental and infant plaintiffs to be exposed to those chemicals and substances which they both knew, or should have known, would cause the infant offspring of the parental plaintiffs to be born with devastating birth defects.”

The majority of the farmers in the area used Monsanto’s Roundup, an herbicide with the active ingredient glyphosate that has shown to be killing human kidney cells. What’s more, the farmers say that the tobacco companies pushed Monsanto’s Roundup on the farmers despite a lack of protective equipment. In other words, these farmers — many in dire economic conditions — were being directly exposed to Roundup in large concentrations without any protective gear (or even experience or skills in handling the substance). Still, the farmers say the tobacco giants required the struggling farmers to ‘purchase excessive quantities of Roundup and other pesticides’.

Most shocking, the farmers were ordered to discard leftover herbicides and pesticides in locations in which they leached directly into the water supply. With Monsanto’s Roundup already known to be contaminating the groundwater, this comes as a serious threat to pure water supplies.

The farmers end their landmark case with an explanation as to why the tobacco companies allowed Monsanto’s herbicides and pesticides to be unloaded on the small family farms in such vast quantities and purchased in excessive amounts. In their claim, the farmers state that the tobacco companies were ”motivated by a desire for unwarranted economic gain and profit,” with zero regard for the farmers and their infant children — many of which are now suffering from severe birth defects from Monsanto’s products.



Author pic
ABOUT Anthony Gucciardi

Anthony is an accomplished investigative journalist whose articles have appeared on top news sites and have been read by millions worldwide. A health activist and researcher, Anthony’s goal is informing the public as to how they can use natural methods to revolutionize their health, as well as exploring the behind the scenes activity of the pharmaceutical industry and the FDA.

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

El 2 de julio se presentará

El 2 de julio se presentará en Lima y dos días después en Los Ángeles Estados Unidos.El sacrificio final de Jess al morir en la xboter 2014

Ditto on Moreaboutthat's

Ditto on Moreaboutthat's comment:

Now that the Supreme Court has ruled that Corporations are People, it seems to me that the Monsanto corporation is clearly demonstrating psychopathic tendencies and needs to be committed. This corporation is without conscience other than to generate profits for their executives and their stockholders, the rest of the world be damned.

It is clearly harming others.

How about compelling their board members to drink Roundup? After all, it's "safe."

Way to go Phidippides for a

Way to go Phidippides for a concerned, feeling citizen.

Reminds me of the Automobile Club member who protested in the '80s because the club published a photo on the front cover of the magazine one month showing cut eyes following a crash through the windscreen as part of the drive to get people to wear seat belts. She could have bought, installed and used seat belts for herself and her family once she was aware of the horror, but instead she cancelled her membership. I just hope none of her kids ever flew beltless through a windscreen.

One way to spread the article would be to cut and paste it, then you can exclude the photo if you find it so upsetting. Personally I didn't realise just what Monsanto meant until I saw that photo; it makes me want to take more action, not less.

So, the farmers polluted

So, the farmers polluted their own water under "orders" and they grew tobacco that kills millions, for "profit."

What goes around...

Don't worry too much though, 99.999% of all living things that ever existed on earth are already extinct. Humans won't be far behind.

I'm a racist. A human racist.

Well said, Leo.

Well said, Leo.

Agreed. The article is worth

Agreed. The article is worth forwarding, but with a photo like this attached, I can't.

Way to go Phidippides for a

Way to go Phidippides for a concerned, feeling citizen.

Reminds me of the Automobile Club member who protested in the '80s because the club published a photo on the front cover of the magazine one month showing cut eyes following a crash through the windscreen as part of the drive to get people to wear seat belts. She could have bought, installed and used seat belts for herself and her family once she was aware of the horror, but instead she cancelled her membership. I just hope none of her kids ever flew beltless through a windscreen.

One way to spread the article would be to cut and paste it, then you can exclude the photo if you find it so upsetting.

Personally I didn't realise just what Monsanto meant until I saw that photo; it makes me want to take more action, not less.

Now that the Supreme Court

Now that the Supreme Court has ruled that Corporations are People, it seems to me that the Monsanto corporation is clearly demonstrating psychopathic tendencies and needs to be committed. This corporation is without conscience other than to generate profits for their executives and their stockholders, the rest of the world be damned.

thank u Leo.

thank u Leo.

It is a photograph of Xuan

It is a photograph of Xuan Minh of Vietnam, taken sometime around 2005 when he was about 3 years old. He suffers from the birth defects caused by Agent Orange. The image is legitimate, not photoshopped. But this is not a child in South America, nor is it one of the children involved in the lawsuit this journalist is reporting on. I think that's irresponsible and diminishes his credibility, which is a real shame. This is an important story, a critical issue and one we should be all be paying attention to, but this kind of misleading presentation makes it harder to get the message out if the writer's credibility is put in question by his own actions. It got our attention, yes, but it's not one of the children in question.

Agreed. The article is worth

Agreed. The article is worth forwarding, but the photo makes that impossible to do with credibility.

are you blind???????

are you blind???????

Typical media conviction of a

Typical media conviction of a crime before any evidence is brought forward.

are you blind???????

are you blind???????

are you blind or just refuse

are you blind or just refuse to see? how many countries have to ban GMOs before the likes of you get the picture? Or just take a look at the picture above!

Bill Gates just dropped out

Bill Gates just dropped out of ALEC last week. We are boycotting ALL corporations that are members of ALEC and that includes Reynolds, etc..Who's who at alecexposed.org

Typical media conviction of a

Typical media conviction of a crime before any evidence is brought forward.

Monsanto should be prosecuted

Monsanto should be prosecuted criminally, not just civilly - for murder, among other crimes - in all of the many nations it has poisoned.

You can bet that money is the

You can bet that money is the root of ALL of Monsanto's nastey chemicals!
I for one transported their nastey chemicals that make up their product "Roundup". I transported it from Nashua New Hamshire to Luling ,LA where it is or use to be combined with other chemicals and bottled as "Roundup"
I also had a job working for an oil company delivering Diesel and Gasoline to the citrus groves in Indian River county Florida. There is so much "Roundup" being used under those citrus trees so as to keep the weeds down so the Irrigation spikes will be efficient. The ground is actually BLACK and very scary to withness!
I would never eat another piece of citrus fruit in my life. You can only know that those nasty chemicals are being absorbed though the roots and make their way to the fruit and ultimately into your body. Cancer! Huh! No pill in the world will cure you of anything! Eat organic fruit and have piece of mind.
I suppose I could write a book of the chemicals being thrown at us in the name of science. Wake up folks! Don't buy "Roundup" for any reason! Boycott Monsanto and other toxic companies out there. The future of our country is at stake for our Children!!We can not stand by and watch those money hungry Bastards anymore. Amen I transported Hazardous chemicals for approximately 27 years. Thank you for your insight and time.

Mr. Ehlers has a point. The

Mr. Ehlers has a point. The photo used is of Asian children, not South American. But, it did the job and got lots of people commenting.

Psst:

Psst: http://www.tineye.com/search/4e556baffdf7921880b1e80c66290d5739e4b89f/

That disturbing photo should

That disturbing photo should become the corporate face of Monsanto.

I have only read the first

I have only read the first few lines and seen the face of the child ... and say this to all who reads right now. Humanity is in the midst of the greatest awakening that we could ever imagine. Truths are unfolding, wild, incredible truths about things we only imagined. We simply need to stay in the light and drink pure water/food ... and realize that we are the ones we have been waiting for. To this little child and the photo and to your friends around you also in the photo - thank you for being the strongest of the strong and the bravest of the brave. We love you so much. Dawn ~ Galactic Free Press

This is nothing new - to wit:

This is nothing new - to wit: thalidomide,DDT, and the thousands of gallons of contaminates from fracking. Take your pick - there are hundreds more. Democracy is for sale and I cannot afford it

What can one say? We've been

What can one say? We've been had again. Placing our trust on our so called protectors only to be betrayed! One has to take everything with a grain of salt and trust only your inner self. Corporations, contrary to the supreme court declaration, are not thinking, feeling, caring, beings. On the pragmatic side, we need to get involved and keep fighting - we will prevail at the end - their end is near!

Unfortunately, we have no

Unfortunately, we have no protectors. The U.S. no longer pays regulators to regulate. We have weak standards and even weaker public policy than most developed countries. In fact our public policy is for sale and bought by the major corporations like Monsanto.

I believe Monsanto also

I believe Monsanto also helped develop Agent Orange. What makes you think that these defects are not associated with Round-Up, i.e how do you know better than the farmers ?

Jon A. Niedzwiecki Monsanto

Jon A. Niedzwiecki
Monsanto developed glyphosate, Agent Orange was devceloped under our government auspices. The kicker to Agent Orange was Dioxin added uder pressure and temperature. The two are not the same compounds-Agent Orange and Glyphosate nor is 2-4-D which was the compound in Agent Orange. Start your research here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_Orange

Tom, you're right. Round-Up

Tom, you're right. Round-Up is a successor to Agent Orange. http://www.organicconsumers.org/Monsanto/toxlegacy.cfm

Publishers/Editors, I

Publishers/Editors,
I researched the image ... birth defects associated with Agent Orange, not Round-Up.

For those of working on environmental issues, it hurts our credibility when we are not as transparent and forthright as we expect manufacturers to be.

Thank you for your consideration.

Sincerely,
James Ehlers
Lake Champlain International
www.mychamplain.net

Mr. Ehlers has a point. The

Mr. Ehlers has a point. The photo used is of Asian children. But, having said that, it's clear the photo drew people to read the article and comment on it.

Round-Up is made up of two

Round-Up is made up of two carcinogens - not safe to use even if it doesn't cause birth defects. And how do we know what the company has added to it when they send it to other countries? Monsanto is not safe for children and other living things. They are using chemical warfare on the earth's people, wildlife and plants. part of the depopulation event?

Well done.

Well done.

Please keep in mind that when

Please keep in mind that when the author of this work touts "shown to be killing kidney cells" he is talking about experiments in a petri dish at high concentrations, not a living system with typical exposures. By comparison, glyphosate is tremendously safe relative to the alternatives.

But the alternatives are not made by Monsanto, so nobody really cares about those. Use away, even if they are ten times more toxic to workers and the environment!

Glyphosate is off patent and available over the counter for research. A few studies have shown conclusive and repeatable changes in vertebrate development at relevant concentrations. These alterations are minor, and there are no hard data, reproduced from independent labs, that says glyphosate causes the problems claimed.

If farmers are seeing increases in birth problems, then they also need to investigate other potential sources. It could be glyphosate, but based on the science, it is unlikely.

KevinFolta: It's been

KevinFolta: It's been difficult reading this Monsanto series, with speculative dangers of GM crops and ag chemicals stressed and real problems ignored. Not just the readers, but the author doesn't know what peer-reviewed or in-vitro is, or he just doesn't care.

Not just pesticide use, but mining, and all other kinds of resource extraction in third world countries, should hold corporations to the same legal and ethical standards as in the country where they are incorporated. However, family farmers in America are being GMO'd and chemicalled and financed into bankruptcy because their farms can be bought, amalgamated, and much more efficiently managed as part of a huge monoculture plantation of, say, Roundup-Ready soybeans, that can be weeded cheaply by air.

I'm not convinced Monsanto is the worst corporation on earth, but its patterns of environmental destruction, sending third world farmers to servitude or suicide, and its fake-conservation experts who insist Roundup is necessary to deal with Australian Tea trees in the Everglades, for example, are apt to be harmed by a campaign that is less factual than polemic.

Cheryl, what is your source?

Cheryl, what is your source? Just curious. Please direct me to a peer-reviewed publication.

STUDY CONFIRMS GLYPHOSATE

STUDY CONFIRMS GLYPHOSATE CONTAMINATING GROUNDWATER
Saturday, 17 December 2011 15:36
1.Determination of glyphosate in groundwater samples
2.Roundup herbicide found in air, rain, and streams

NOTE: This study on groundwater comes not long after the news that two US Geological Survey studies had consistently found glyphosate in streams, rain and air in agricultural areas of the US.
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1.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
2011 Nov 20
Epublication ahead of print
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22101424

Determination of glyphosate in groundwater samples using an ultrasensitive immunoassay and confirmation by on-line solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.

Sanchís J, Kantiani L, Llorca M, Rubio F, Ginebreda A, Fraile J, Garrido T, Farré M.

Source: Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), C/Jordi Girona, 18-26, 08034, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Despite having been the focus of much attention from the scientific community during recent years, glyphosate is still a challenging compound from an analytical point of view because of its physicochemical properties: relatively low molecular weight, high polarity, high water solubility, low organic solvent solubility, amphoteric behaviour and ease to form metal complexes. Large efforts have been directed towards developing suitable, sensitive and robust methods for the routine analysis of this widely used herbicide. In the present work, a magnetic particle immunoassay (IA) has been evaluated for fast, reliable and accurate part-per-trillion monitoring of glyphosate in water matrixes, in combination with a new analytical method based on solid-phase extraction (SPE), followed by liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), for the confirmatory analysis of positive samples. The magnetic particle IA has been applied to the analysis of about 140 samples
of
groundwater from Catalonia (NE Spain) collected during four sampling campaigns. Glyphosate was present above limit of quantification levels in 41% of the samples with concentrations as high as 2.5 μg/L and a mean concentration of 200 ng/L. Good agreement was obtained when comparing the results from IA and on-line SPE-LC-MS/MS analyses. In addition, no false negatives were obtained by the use of the rapid IA. This is one of the few works related to the analysis of glyphosate in real groundwater samples and the presented data confirm that, although it has low mobility in soils, glyphosate is capable of reaching groundwater.

PMID: 22101424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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2.Roundup herbicide found in air, rain, and streams
Ken Roseboro
The Organic & Non-GMO Report, October 1 2011

Glyphosate herbicide, known by its trade name Roundup, is commonly found in rain and rivers in agricultural areas in the Mississippi River watershed, according to two US Geological Survey studies released in August.

“It’s out there in significant levels”

Glyphosate is used in almost all agricultural and urban areas of the United States. The greatest glyphosate use is in the Mississippi River basin, where most applications are to kill weeds on genetically modified corn, soybeans and cotton. Overall, agricultural use of glyphosate has increased 8-fold from less than 11,000 tons in 1992 to more than 88,000 tons in 2007.

"Though glyphosate is the mostly widely used herbicide in the world, we know very little about its long term effects to the environment,” says Paul Capel, USGS chemist and an author on this study. “This study is one of the first to document the consistent occurrence of this chemical in streams, rain and air throughout the growing season. This is crucial information for understanding where management efforts for this chemical would best be focused.”

In these studies, glyphosate was frequently detected in surface waters, rain and air in areas where it is heavily used in the basin. The consistent occurrence of glyphosate in streams and air indicates its transport from its point of use into the broader environment.

Capel told Reuters that glyphosate is "out there in significant levels. It is out there consistently."

He said more tests were needed to determine how harmful glyphosate might be to people and animals.

Adds to mounting concerns with Roundup

The presence of glyphosate and its degradation product, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), in surface waters means that drinking water quality and aquatic wildlife may be put at risk. Studies have shown many aquatic species are affected by the herbicide and its breakdown product, and there is growing concern about the safety of the product for human health.

USGS found glyphosate in more than 60% of air and rain sampled at three locations in Mississippi, Iowa and Indiana, with AMPA found in more than 50% of samples.

Commenting on USGS’s findings, Pete Riley of United Kingdom-based GM Freeze said: “The Mississippi Basin has been subjected to glyphosate application on a massive scale for the last 15 years. As a result of this giant uncontrolled experiment, the USGS is now finding that glyphosate and its breakdown products are turning up in rainfall and rivers, and not, as Monsanto would have us think, being safely locked up in the soil. The mounting evidence on the safety and movement of glyphosate now merits a ban on GM herbicide tolerant crops.”

© Copyright The Organic & Non-GMO Report, October 2011

Source: http://www.gmwatch.org/latest-listing/1-news-items/13549

Roundup Birth Defects:

Roundup Birth Defects: Regulators Knew World's Best-Selling Herbicide Causes Problems, New Report Finds

First Posted: 7th June, 2011 Updated: 7th August, 2011
WASHINGTON -- Industry regulators have known for years that Roundup, the world's best-selling herbicide produced by U.S. company Monsanto, causes birth defects, according to a new report released Tuesday.
The report, "Roundup and birth defects: Is the public being kept in the dark?" found regulators knew as long ago as 1980 that glyphosate, the chemical on which Roundup is based, can cause birth defects in laboratory animals.
But despite such warnings, and although the European Commission has known that glyphosate causes malformations since at least 2002, the information was not made public.
Instead regulators misled the public about glyphosate's safety, according to the report, and as recently as last year, the German Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety, the German government body dealing with the glyphosate review, told the European Commission that there was no evidence glyphosate causes birth defects.
Published by Earth Open Source, an organization that uses open source collaboration to advance sustainable food production, the report comes months after researchers found that genetically-modified crops used in conjunction Roundup contain a pathogen that may cause animal miscarriages. After observing the newly discovered organism back in February, Don Huber, an emeritus professor at Purdue University, wrote an open letter to Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack requesting a moratorium on deregulating crops genetically altered to be immune to Roundup, which are commonly called Roundup Ready crops.
In the letter, Huber also commented on the herbicide itself, saying: "It is well-documented that glyphosate promotes soil pathogens and is already implicated with the increase of more than 40 plant diseases; it dismantles plant defenses by chelating vital nutrients; and it reduces the bioavailability of nutrients in feed, which in turn can cause animal disorders."
Although glyphosate was originally due to be reviewed in 2012, the Commission decided late last year not to bring the review forward, instead delaying it until 2015. The chemical will not be reviewed under more stringent, up-to-date standards until 2030.
"OUR EXAMINATION OF THE EVIDENCE LEADS US TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THE CURRENT APPROVAL OF GLYPHOSATE AND ROUNDUP IS DEEPLY FLAWED AND UNRELIABLE," WROTE THE REPORT AUTHORS IN THEIR CONCLUSION. "WHAT IS MORE, WE HAVE LEARNED FROM EXPERTS FAMILIAR WITH PESTICIDE ASSESSMENTS AND APPROVALS THAT THE CASE OF GLYPHOSATE IS NOT UNUSUAL.
"THEY SAY THAT THE APPROVALS OF NUMEROUS PESTICIDES REST ON DATA AND RISK ASSESSMENTS THAT ARE JUST AS SCIENTIFICALLY FLAWED, IF NOT MORE SO," THE AUTHORS ADDED. "This is all the more reason why the Commission must urgently review glyphosate and other pesticides according to the most rigorous and up-to-date standards."
Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/07/roundup-birth-defects-herbicide...

HEALTH EFFECTS OF

HEALTH EFFECTS OF GLYPHOSATE
HEALTH RISKS OF GM FOODS AND CROPS
http://www.gmo-free-regions.org/conference2010/press.html
Below we reproduce a brief yet authoritative summary of the main direct and indirect health risks associated with GM foods and crops. The authors have looked in particular at glyphosate / Roundup effects, and health risks associated in particular with GM soy -- but there are clearly much wider implications. The list of references is now very impressive indeed, and I cannot see how EFSA can now maintain its stance that GM products are "as safe as their conventional counterparts." They MUST be called to account, and hauled before the European Court for persistently and deliberately failing to act on the accumulated evidence of harm which has been brought to their attention over and again by NGOs and consumer groups -- and indeed by a number of national governments. As far as the effects of Roundup are concerned, we need to remind ourselves that EFSA and the Commission are required by European law to take full account of the INDIRECT health and safety effects of growing GM crops and feeding them into the food chain. They are also required by law to implement the Precautionary Principle where there is scientific doubt relating to health and safety. The toxic effects of Roundup residues on plants are now incontrovertible, and the EC must now bring in a total ban on the import of all RR products into the EU.
EFSA's GMO Panel should have issued advice on this some years ago, and since it is apparent to all that that body is unfit for purpose, we call on the Commission to use its own judgement on the accumulated evidence of harm, and to bring in a full GM moratorium forthwith. If it does not, and if it persists with the pretence that GM crops and foods are safe, it will fully deserve the wrath of the people of Europe............
GM-Free Cymru
(Extract from: GM SOY - Sustainable? Responsible? by Michael Antoniou, Paulo Brack, Andrés Carrasco, John Fagan, Mohamed Habib, Paulo Kageyama, Carlo Leifert, Rubens Onofre Nodari, Walter Pengue. Summary of key findings) GLS Gemeinschaftsbank eG / ARGE Gentechnik-frei
HEALTH EFFECTS OF GLYPHOSATE
The rapid expansion of GM RR soy has led to large increases in the use of glyphosate. It is often claimed that glyphosate is safe for people and the environment. But scientific research challenges these claims.
Studies show that glyphosate has serious toxic effects on health and the environment. The added ingredients or adjuvants in Roundup increase its toxicity. Harmful effects from glyphosate and Roundup have been found even at levels that are commonly used in agriculture and found in the environment.
Findings include: In human cells, Roundup causes total cell death within 24 hours. These effects are found at levels far below those recommended for agricultural use and corresponding to low levels of residues found in food or feed.6 • Glyphosate herbicides are endocrine disruptors (substances that interfere with hormone functioning) in human cells. These effects are found at levels up to 800 times lower than residue levels allowed in some GM crops used for animal feed in the United States. Glyphosate herbicides damage DNA in human cells at these levels.7 • Glyphosate and Roundup adjuvants damage human placental cells in concentrations lower than those found with agricultural use.8 9 10 • Glyphosate and Roundup damage human embryonic cells and placental cells, in concentrations well below those recommended for agricultural use.11 • Roundup is toxic and lethal to amphibians. Applied at the rate recommended by the manufacturer for agricultural use, Roundup caused a 70 per cent decline in the species richness of tadpoles.12 An experiment using lower concentrations still caused 40 per cent mortality.13 • Glyphosate herbicides and glyphosate’s main metabolite (environmental breakdown product), AMPA, alter cell cycle checkpoints in sea urchin embryos by interfering with the physiological DNA repair machinery.14 15 16 17 Such disruption is known to lead to genomic instability and the possible development of human cancers. • Glyphosate is toxic to female rats and causes skeletal malformations in their foetuses.18 • AMPA, the major environmental breakdown product of glyphosate, causes DNA damage in cells.19 These findings show that glyphosate and Roundup are highly toxic to many organisms and to human cells.
New study confirms glyphosate’s link with birth defects
In 2009 Argentine government scientist Professor Andrés Carrasco20 announced his findings that glyphosate herbicide causes malformations in frog and chicken embryos, in doses much lower than those used in agricultural spraying. The malformations were of a similar type to those seen in the offspring of humans exposed to such herbicides.21
Carrasco commented, “The findings in the lab are compatible with malformations observed in humans exposed to glyphosate during pregnancy.” He added that his findings have serious implications for people because the experimental animals share similar developmental mechanisms with humans.22 Carrasco said that most of the safety data on glyphosate herbicides and GM soy were provided by industry and are not independent.
In their study, Carrasco’s team criticized Argentina’s overreliance on glyphosate caused by the expansion of GM RR soy, which in 2009 covered 19 million hectares – over half the cultivated area of the country. They noted that 200 million litres of glyphosate herbicide are used in the country to produce 50 million tons of soybeans per year.23 24
Carrasco said in an interview that people living in soy-producing areas of Argentina began reporting problems in 2002, two years after the first big harvests of GM RR soy. He said, “I suspect the toxicity classification of glyphosate is too low ... in some cases this can be a powerful poison.”25
Carrasco found malformations in frog and chicken embryos injected with 2.03 mg/kg glyphosate. The maximum residue limit allowed in soy in the EU is 20 mg/kg, 10 times higher.26
Argentina: Proposed ban on glyphosate and and court ruling
After the release of Carrasco’s findings, environmental lawyers petitioned the Supreme Court of Argentina to ban glyphosate. But Guillermo Cal, executive director of CASAFE (Argentina’s crop protection trade association), said a ban would mean “we couldn’t do agriculture in Argentina”.27
No national ban was implemented. But in March 2010, a court in Santa Fe province, Argentina upheld a decision blocking farmers from spraying agrochemicals near populated areas.28
Argentina: Chaco provincial government report
In April 2010 a commission opened by the provincial government of Chaco in Argentina completed a report analyzing health statistics in the town of La Leonesa and other areas where soy and rice crops are heavily sprayed.29 The commission reported that the childhood cancer rate tripled in La Leonesa from 2000 to 2009. The rate of birth defects increased nearly fourfold over the entire state of Chaco.
This dramatic increase of disease coincided with the expansion of glyphosate and other agrochemical spraying in the province.
A member of the commission that prepared the study, who asked not to be identified due to the “tremendous pressures” they were under, said, “We don’t know how this will end, as there are many interests involved.”30
Argentina: Sprayed community prevented from hearing glyphosate researcher
There is intense pressure on researchers and residents in Argentina not to speak out about the dangers of glyphosate and other agrochemicals. In August 2010 Amnesty International reported31 an incident in La Leonesa, a town where residents have actively opposed agrochemical spraying. An organized mob violently attacked people who gathered to hear a talk by Professor Andrés Carrasco on his research findings that glyphosate caused malformations in frogs. Three people were seriously injured and the event had to be abandoned. Carrasco and a colleague shut themselves in a car and were surrounded by people making violent threats and beating the car for two hours. Witnesses said they believed the attack was organized by local officials and a rice producer, in order to protect agro-industry interests.
Epidemiological studies on glyphosate
Epidemiological studies on glyphosate exposure show an association with serious health problems, including: • premature births and miscarriages32 • multiple myeloma (a type of cancer)33 • non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (another type of cancer)34 35 • DNA damage.36
By themselves, these epidemiological findings cannot prove that glyphosate is the causative factor. But the toxicological studies on glyphosate cited above confirm that it poses health risks.
Indirect toxic effects of glyphosate
Glyphosate is marketed as a product that breaks down rapidly and harmlessly in the environment. But this is not true. In soil, glyphosate has a half-life (the length of time it takes to lose half its biological activity) of between 3 and 215 days.37 38 In water, glyphosate’s half-life is 35–63 days.39 Glyphosate reduces bird populations40 and is toxic to earthworms.41 42 Claims of the environmental safety of Roundup have been overturned in court in New York43 and France.44

continued here: Source: http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/health.html

Arch Toxicol. 2012 Feb 14.

Arch Toxicol. 2012 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]
Cytotoxic and DNA-damaging properties of glyphosate and Roundup in human-derived buccal epithelial cells.
Koller VJ, Fürhacker M, Nersesyan A, Mišík M, Eisenbauer M, Knasmueller S.
Source
Department of Internal Medicine 1, Institute of Cancer Research, Medical University of Vienna, Borschkegasse 8A, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
Abstract
Glyphosate (G) is the largest selling herbicide worldwide; the most common formulations (Roundup, R) contain polyoxyethyleneamine as main surfactant. Recent findings indicate that G exposure may cause DNA damage and cancer in humans. Aim of this investigation was to study the cytotoxic and genotoxic properties of G and R (UltraMax) in a buccal epithelial cell line (TR146), as workers are exposed via inhalation to the herbicide. R induced acute cytotoxic effects at concentrations >40 mg/l after 20 min, which were due to membrane damage and impairment of mitochondrial functions. With G, increased release of extracellular lactate dehydrogenase indicative for membrane damage was observed at doses >80 mg/l. Both G and R induced DNA migration in single-cell gel electrophoresis assays at doses >20 mg/l. Furthermore, an increase of nuclear aberrations that reflect DNA damage was observed. The frequencies of micronuclei and nuclear buds were elevated after 20-min exposure to 10-20 mg/l, while nucleoplasmatic bridges were only enhanced by R at the highest dose (20 mg/l). R was under all conditions more active than its active principle (G). Comparisons with results of earlier studies with lymphocytes and cells from internal organs indicate that epithelial cells are more susceptible to the cytotoxic and DNA-damaging properties of the herbicide and its formulation. Since we found genotoxic effects after short exposure to concentrations that correspond to a 450-fold dilution of spraying used in agriculture, our findings indicate that inhalation may cause DNA damage in exposed individuals.

Glyphosate: A review of its

Glyphosate:
A review of its health and environmental effects
By Andre Leu
Glyphosate is the active ingredient of some of the most common herbicides used in farming and gardening. These products have been promoted as quickly biodegradable and non toxic. People believe that they are so safe that you can drink a cup of these herbicides without any ill effect.
Consequently, it is sprayed on roadsides while people are driving, on footpaths when people are shopping and in schoolyards and sports fields, exposing children to drift and residues. People buy it from supermarkets or garden shops and use it without any protective clothing because it is deemed ‘safe’. It is sprayed in national parks and other environmentally sensitive areas in the belief that it is not toxic and or residual.
I continuously hear primary industries officers and other agricultural specialists telling farmers that it is not necessary to wear any protective clothing because it is harmless.
Unfortunately, the facts show that this is not the case. While pure Glyphosate has a low acute toxicity (the amount needed to cause death), when it is sold as a commercial herbicide it is combined with surfactants and other ingredients to make it more effective at killing plants. Studies show that the commercial products, such as Round Up, can be three times more toxic than pure glyphosate.
Health Problems - so safe that you can drink it.
Japanese researchers analysing suicides have found that drinking ¾ of a cup (200 millilitres) of commercial glyphosate products is fatal.
Survivors (those who consumed less than ¾ of a cup) suffered a range of severe health problems. These problems included intestinal pain, vomiting, erosion of the gastrointestinal tract, excess fluid in the lungs, pneumonia, lung dysfunction, clouding of consciousness, destruction of red blood cells, abnormal electrocardiograms, low blood pressure, kidney damage and damage to the larynx. It is important to note that damage to the kidneys and the lungs is usually permanent. These body tissues do not repair themselves, instead forming scar tissue that does not function to help filter toxins from the blood or breathe oxygen.
In California, where there is a mandatory system of reporting pesticide poisoning, Glyphosate is the third most common cause of pesticide illness in farm workers. It is the most common form of reported pesticide poisoning in landscape gardeners.
Two separate studies in Sweden have linked exposure to Glyphosate to Hairy Cell Leukemia and non-Hodgkins lymphoma. These types of cancers were extremely rare, however non-Hodgkins lymphoma is the most rapidly increasing cancer in the Western world. It has risen by 73% in the USA since 1973. Another study has found a higher incidence of Parkinson disease amongst farmers who used herbicides, including Glyphosate.
Other studies show that Glyphosate and commercial herbicides containing Glyphosate cause a range of cell mutations and damage to cell DNA. These types of changes are usually regarded as precursors to cancer and birth defects.
Reproductive Effects
Studies show that exposure to Glyphosate is associated with a range of reproductive effects in humans and other species. Research from Ontario, Canada found that a father’s exposure to Glyphosate was linked to an increase in miscarriages and premature births in farm families.
Glyphosate caused a decrease in the sperm count of rats and an increase in abnormal and dead sperms in rabbits. Pregnant rabbits exposed to Glyphosate had a decrease in the weight of their babies.
Residual
The proponents of Glyphosate herbicides promote them as environmentally friendly or benign. They say that they breakdown very quickly in the environment.
The facts show otherwise. A report from The United States Environmental Protection Agency states that Glyphosate is ‘…extremely persistent under typical application conditions’. It is one of the most residual herbicides, with studies in Sweden showing that one application can last up to 3 years.
In warmer climates, it can take less than a year per application for Glyphosate to degrade. However, when it breaks down it does not disappear into harmless basic elements. It degrades into an even more residual compound called aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). While AMPA has a low acute toxicity, the studies conducted on this compound show that it damages the livers and bladders of rats. Unfortunately, very few long term health and environmental studies are conducted on the breakdown products of synthetic chemicals.
Residues of Glyphosate have been found in a variety of fruits and vegetables. This is because it readily moves into all parts of a plant. As it is inside the plant tissues, it cannot be washed off.
Residues can be detected long after glyphosate treatments have been made. One study showed that lettuces contained residues five months after the field was treated with glyphosate. The disturbing thing about this research is that the lettuce seedlings were planted four months after the field was sprayed for weeds. The seedlings absorbed the glyphosate from the soil residues.
A World Health Organisation study revealed significant Glyphosate residues in wheat after harvest. Milling did not remove it, as it moves into the plant and the wheat seed. The study showed that cooking does not break down Glyphosate.
Environmental Effects
Glyphosate is very toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms. Concentrations as low as 10 parts per million can kill fish. Daphnia, a very important part of the aquatic food chain, especially for fish, can be killed by as little as three parts per million. This is an important reason why it should not be used near waterways or in drains.
Glyphosate is extremely toxic to the soil life. One application can cause a dramatic plunge in the number of beneficial soil microorganisms and arthropods. Studies show a reduction in the species that build humus, thus it contributes to the decline in soil organic matter.
Glyphosate significantly reduces the activity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. These bacteria transform soil nitrogen into forms that plants can use. Studies of Soybeans grown for nitrogen fixation showed a reduction in the number of rhizobium bacteria and the nitrogen they produce when Glyphosate was used for weed control.
Other studies show that Glyphosate herbicides increase the susceptibility of plants to diseases. This is partly because it reduces the growth of mycorrhizal fungi and other beneficial fungi that help plants absorb nutrients and help fight disease. However, plants suffer more disease, as there is an increase in the soil pathogens and a decrease beneficial species that control diseases after an application Glyphosate.
Glyphosate exposure damages or reduces the populations of earthworms. A New Zealand study showed that 5% of the usual application rate caused delayed development and increased death in earthworms.
Glyphosate reduces populations of small mammals and birds by damaging the vegetation that provides food and shelter for these animals.
The populations of all of these living organisms can take years to recover due to Glyphosate’s persistence in the soil.
Spray Drift
Glyphosate spray drift from both ground and aerial applications has been measured from 400 to 800 meters from the target site. Studies have shown that Glyphosate drift will cause more severe and extensive damage than many other herbicides. This is because it is a broad spectrum, non-selective herbicide and it is transported throughout the plant causing damage to the unexposed parts. This damage, when it does not kill the plants, can last for many years.
Drift that is one thousand times less than the usual application rates has been shown to damage surrounding vegetation, including the killing of wild plants. This is an important reason why it should not be used in national parks and environmentally sensitive areas for weed control.
Genetic Engineering
The use of glyphosate is expected to increase substantially in the next few years because several genetically engineered crops are "Roundup Ready" and will grown by many farmers.
This expected increase in use has resulted in an application for the MRL (residue level) for glyphosate to be increased by 200 percent. This need to increase the permitted residue levels is due to genetically engineered herbicide tolerant crops using more chemicals, not less as the proponents of GMO’s claim. These crops cannot be legally sold in Australia under the present residue levels, as the increased number of sprays will mean higher residue levels.
This need for a dramatic increase in residues demonstrates that this herbicide is residual. If it is rapidly degraded and leaves no residues as it commonly claimed, why is there a need for such a large increase on residues on the crop?
The persistent nature of these residues in genetically engineered food crops such as Soybeans, Corn and Canola is another reason why we need mandatory labeling of all GMOs. We need to have the freedom of choice to avoid foods that we believe will contain residues of toxic chemicals.
This is a very good reason for eating organic foods.
Conclusion
Glyphosate is widely used in the mistaken belief that it is harmless, safe and readily breaks down leaving no residues. Consequently, it is sprayed in public areas while people are present and by operators without protective clothing. These people are exposed to the drift of this herbicide. The facts show that Glyphosate causes a range of health problems to humans, plants and animals, it causes environmental problems and that it is highly persistent. It is time that the widespread use of this toxic chemical on roadsides, footpaths, parks, gardens, schools, farms, forestry, national parks etc was stopped or highly restricted.
Acknowledgements and References
Most of the information for this article came from an excellent paper authored by Caroline Cox in the JOURNAL OF PESTICIDE REFORM, Fall 1998, Vol.18, No. 3
Updated 01-02, Northwest Coalition Against Pesticides, Eugene, Oregon.
Lehmann V. and Pengue W. (2000), Herbicide Tolerant Soybean: Just another step in a technology treadmill? Biotechnology and Development Monitor. September 2000.
Nordstrom M. et al, (1998), "Occupational exposures, animal exposure, and smoking as risk factors for hairy cell leukaemia evaluated in a case-control study," BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER Vol. 77 (1998), pgs. 2048-2052.
Hardell L. and Eriksson M. (1999), "A Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and exposure to Pesticides," CANCER Vol.85, No. 6 (March 15, 1999), pgs. 1353-1360.
Source: http://www.ofa.org.au/papers/glyphosatereview.htm

FROM 2005 INSTITUTE OF

FROM 2005

INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE IN SOCIETY Science Society Sustainability
ISIS Report 07/03/2005
Glyphosate Toxic & Roundup Worse
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Prof. Joe Cummins call for urgent regulatory review of the most widely used herbicide in the light of new scientific evidence

New research findings are raising serious concerns over the safety of the most commonly used herbicide, and should be sending shockwaves through proponents of genetically modified (GM) crops made tolerant to the herbicide, which now account for 75% of all GM crops in the world.
Worse yet, the most common formulation of the herbicide is even more toxic than the herbicide by itself, and is made by the same biotech giant that created the herbicide tolerant GM crops.

Broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine), commonly sold in the commercial formulation Roundup (Monsanto company, St. Louis, Missouri USA) has been frequently used both on crops and non-crops areas world wide since it was introduced in the 1970s. Roundup is a combination of glyphosate with other chemicals including a surfactant (detergent) polyoxyethyleneamine that enhance the spreading of the spray droplets on the leaves of plants. The use of Roundup has gone up especially in countries growing Roundup-tolerant GM crops created by Monsanto.
Glyphosate kills plants by inhibiting the enzyme, 5-enolpyruvoyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthetase (EPSPS), essential for the formation of aromatic amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan; which leads onto vitamins and many secondary metabolites such as folates, ubiquinones and naphthoquines. It is believed to be rather specific in action and less toxic than other herbicides, because the shikimate pathway is not present in mammals and humans. However, glyphosate acts by preventing the binding of phosphoenol pyruvate to the active site of the enzyme, and phosphoenol pyruvate is a core metabolite present in all organisms; thus it has the potential to affect other metabolic pathways. This is borne out by many reports of toxicities associated with the herbicide reviewed in the Independent Science Panel Report, The Case for a GM-free Sustainable World [1].
An epidemiological study in the Ontario farming populations showed that glyphosate exposure nearly doubled the risk of late spontaneous abortions [2], and Prof. Eric-Giles Seralini and his research team from Caen University in France decided to find out more about the effects of the herbicide on cells from the human placenta.
They have now shown that glyphosate is toxic to human placental cells, killing a large proportion of them after 18 hr of exposure at concentrations below that in agricultural use [3]. Moreover, Roundup is always more toxic than its active ingredient, glyphosate; at least by two-fold. The effect increased with time, and was obtained with concentrations of Roundup 10 times lower than agricultural use.
The enzyme aromatase is responsible for making the female hormones estrogens from androgens (the male hormones). Glyphosate interacts with the active site of the enzyme but its effect on enzyme activity was minimal unless Roundup was present.
Interestingly, Roundup increased enzyme activity after 1 h of incubation, possibly because of its surfactant effect in making the androgen substrate more available to the enzyme. But at 18h incubation, Roundup invariably inhibited enzyme activity; the inhibition being associated with a decrease in mRNA synthesis, suggesting that Roundup decreased the rate of gene transcription. Seralini and colleagues suggest that other ingredients in the Roundup formulation enhance the availability or accumulation of glyphosate in cells.
There is, indeed, direct evidence that glyphosate inhibits RNA transcription in animals at a concentration well below the level that is recommended for commercial spray application Transcription was inhibited and embryonic development delayed in sea urchins following exposure to low levels of the herbicide and/or the surfactant polyoxyethyleneamine. The pesticide should be considered a health concern by inhalation during spraying [4].
New research shows that a brief exposure to commercial glyphosate caused liver damage in rats, as indicated by the leakage of intracellular liver enzymes. In this study, glyphosate and its surfactant in Roundup were also found to act in synergy to increase damage to the liver [5].
Three recent case-control studies suggested an association between glyphosate use and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma [6-8]; while a prospective cohort study in Iowa and North Carolina that includes more than 54 315 private and commercial licensed pesticide applicators suggested a link between glyphosate use and multiple myoeloma [9]. Myeloma has been associated with agents that cause either DNA damage or immune suppression. These studies did not distinguish between Roundup and glyphosate, and it would be important for that to be done.
There is now a wealth of evidence that glyphosate requires worldwide health warnings and new regulatory review. Meanwhile, its use should be reduced to a minimum as a matter of prudent precaution.
References
1. The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World, Chapter 7, ISIS & TWN, London & Penang, 2003.
2. Savitz DA, Arbuckle , Kaczor D, Curtis KM. Male pesticide exposure and pregnancy outcome. Am J Epidemiol 2000, 146, 1025-36.
3. Richard S, Moslemi S, Sipahutar H, Benachour N. and Seralini GE.Differential effects of glyphosate and roundup on human placental cells and aromatase.Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Jun;113(6):716-20
4. Marc J, Le Breton M, CormierP, Morales J, Belle´R and Mulner-Lorillo O. A glyphosate-based pesticide impinges on transcription. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2005, 203, 1-8.
5. Benedetti AL, de Lourdes Vituri C, Trentin AG, Dominguesc MAC and Alvarez-Silva M. The effects of sub-chronic exposure of Wistar rats to the herbicide Glyphosate-Biocarb. Toxicology Letters 2004, 153, 227–32.
6. De Roos AH, Zahm SH, Cantor KP, et al. Integrative assessment of multiple pesticides as risk factors for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma among men. Occup Environ Med 2003, 60, E11 http://oem.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/60/9/e11
7. Hardell L, Eriksson M, Nordstrom M. Exposure to pesticides as risk factor for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and hairy cell leukemia: pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studies. Leuk Lymphoma 2002, 43,1043–1049.
8. McDuffie HH, Pahwa P, McLaughlin JR, Spinelli JJ, Fincham S, Dosman JA, et al. 2001. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and specific pesticide exposures in men: cross-Canada study of pesticides and health. 2001, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2001,10,1155–63.
9. De Roos AJ, Blair A, Rusiecki JA, Hoppin JA, Svec M, Dosemeci M, Sandler DP and Alavanja MC. Cancer incidence among glyphosate-exposed pesticide applicators in the agricultural health study. Environ Health Perspect 2005, 113, 49-54.
Source: http://www.i-sis.org.uk/GTARW.php

GLYPHOSATE ROUNDUP HERBICIDE

GLYPHOSATE ROUNDUP HERBICIDE – roundup diluted by 450 fold is still toxic to DNA - acute and chronic toxicity -
15.2.2012 Brief Extract New research released ahead of print and published in the journal Archives of Toxicology indicates that Roundup, the most common formulation of the herbicide glyphosate, is not only more toxic than its constituent ingredients, but is capable of damaging DNA within a human cell line when diluted down to 450-fold lower concentrations than presently used in GMO agricultural applications. In the researchers' own words, Roundup has "genotoxic effects after short exposure to concentrations that correspond to a 450-fold dilution of spraying used in agriculture."
The chemical - glyphosate - is the highest selling herbicide in the world and has been identified as having a wide range of potential adverse health effects -- largely minimized and/or under-reported -- which include over two dozen diseases. Glyphosate's primary properties of concern are its carcinogenicity, genotoxicity and endocrine disruptive actions. Roundup contains a surfactant known as polyoxyethyleneamine which functions to reduce the surface tension between Roundup and the cells exposed to it, making the cellular membranes more permeable to absorbing glyphosate and other chemicals within the formula. The surfactant in Roundup may therefore be responsible for increasing the toxicity of glyphosate by several orders of magnitude higher than it exhibits by itself.
This new research sheds light on a fundamental problem associated with toxicological risk assessments of agrichemicals (and novel manmade chemicals in general), namely, these assessments do not take into account the reality of synergistic toxicologies, i.e. the amplification of harm associated with multiple chemical exposures occurring simultaneously. Moreover, toxicological risk assessments on novel chemicals are based on the concept of determining "an acceptable level of harm," instead of protecting those who would be exposed to a chemical by implementing the precautionary principle, i.e. if there is reason to believe that a chemical could cause harm (determined by animal and in vitro studies) then they should be regulated as if they do cause harm to humans. The precautionary principle would require that the manufacturers of these chemicals prove their product is safe to humans before being allowed to release it onto the market or into the environment, rather than putting the burden of proving it unsafe on the consumer and/or exposed populations, as is presently the case.
Glyphosate exposure is now ubiquitous due to the fact that 88,000 tons of it were used in US in 2007 alone, and likely billions of additional pounds globally. Accumulating evidence indicates it is resistant to biodegradation and now contaminates the air, rain and groundwater throughout the areas where it has been applied.

Read More ... Groundwater contamination..........Keep in mind that glyphosate is considered by the EPA as a Class III toxic substance, fatal to an adult at 30 grams, and has been linked to over 20 adverse health effects in the peer-reviewed, biomedical literature.
This groundwater contamination study adds to another highly concerning finding from March, published in the journal of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, where researchers found the chemical in 60-100% of all air and rain samples tested, indicating that glyphosate pollution and exposure is now omnipresent in the US. When simply breathing makes you susceptible to glyphosate exposure, we know we are dealing with a problem of unprecedented scale.............

Source: http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/research-roundup-diluted-450-fold-still...

Source: http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/roundup-weedkiller-monsantos-new-agent-...

Source: http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/monsantos-herbicide-harming-male-fertility

and
FURTHER EXTENSIVE INFORMATION ON ACUTE AND CHRONIC TOXICITY to freshwater mussels, larval amphibians, oxidative stress in liver and inhibits acetylcholinesterase in muscle and brain of a neotropical fish, parkinsonism afgter chronic occupational exposure, glyphosphate poisoning resulting in aseptic meningitis, genetoxicity, rhinitis, exposure is a risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, abnormalities of the enzymes, toxicity to frog species and malformations in tadpoles due perhaps to its endocrine disrupting activity, glyphosate-based herbicides alter growth of microfungi in soil, glyphosate mediated control of giant reed results in adverse side – effects on the structure and function of a nearby river ecosystem, glyphosate is highly toxic to stam and propanil soil organisms, also impairs male offspring reproductive development, also wide range of toxicities to tadpoles, also pre and post natal toxicity, potential to contribute to groundwater contamination, ultra bioaccumulates and causes oxidative stress in freshwater worms, also severe effects on the development and reproduction of earthworms, alters the PH of soil and subsedquently the microflora populations, alters the maize rhizobacterial communities…………here:-
http://www.greenmedinfo.com/toxic-ingredient/roundup-herbicide

In addition also see,

In addition also see, Glyphosate Factsheet

Source: http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Roundup-Glyphosate-Factsheet-Cox.htm
and http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Roundup-Glyphosate-Factsheet-Cox2.htm

Also see:
http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Monsanto-Roundup-Glyphosate.htm

Thank you, I am not able to insert my name so will place here.

Diane Drayton Buckland, Australia

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