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John Nichols
NationofChange / News Report
Published: Friday 16 September 2011
The latest victim, Duane Edward Buck, had been sentenced to death after an “expert witness” told jurors in Houston that Buck posed a greater threat to public safety because he was African-American.

Supreme Court Blocks Rick Perry’s Texecution of Inmate ‘Based on The Color of His Skin’

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Texas Governor Rick Perry uses his state’s reputation for killing without question to gain applause for his presidential bid from Tea Party audiences that cannot contain their bloodlust. Perry, the frontrunner for the Republican party’s 2012 nomination claims he “never struggled” with questions of justice and injustice, right and wrong, when it comes to approving the executions of Texans.

That’s because, Perry says, “the state of Texas has a very thoughtful, very clear process in place.”

On Thursday night, that “very thoughtful, very clear process” was due to execute the 236th inmate to die on Perry’s watch.

But the latest victim, Duane Edward Buck, had been sentenced to death after an “expert witness” told jurors in Houston that Buck posed a greater threat to public safety because he was African-American.

That racially biased sentencing process drew objections from one of the prosecutors in the case, Linda Geffin, who wrote: “I felt compelled to step forward [because] of the improper injection of race into the sentencing hearing in Mr. Buck’s case.”

Former Texas Attorney General John Cornyn, a conservative Republican who now serves on the US Senate’s Judiciary Committee, had moved to secure new hearings for defendants sentenced to death in circumstances similar to Buck’s, with Cornyn saying: “It is inappropriate to allow race to be considered as a factor in our criminal justice system.”

While other wrongful convictions were overturned, Buck fell through the cracks in a broken legal system. Despite appeals to Perry—and to the state’s notorious Board of Pardons and Paroles—Buck got no reprieve. Perry’s “very thoughtful, very clear process” was about to kill a man sentenced to death at least in part because of his race.

Buck’s execution was set for Thursday night, and Buck was already two hours into a six-hour window when he could have been executed, when the Supreme Court intervened. The justices sent an urgent communication that a “stay of execution of sentence of death…is granted.”

The court determined that it needed to weigh the argument, brought by Buck’s attorneys, that “racial bias mars the integrity of the judicial system. An execution under these circumstances will do irreparable harm to the criminal justice system in general.”

Perry could have granted the stay.

Lawyers and criminal justice advocates pleaded with him to do so.

But the governor refused.

It took the last-minute intervention of the US Supreme Court to prevent the injustice.

Perry thought the process was working splendidly—at least for the purposes of his presidential campaign.

But the High Court thought differently.

“We are relieved that the US Supreme Court recognized the obvious injustice of allowing a defendant’s race to factor into sentencing decisions,” said Busk’s attorney, Kate Black. “No one should be put to death based on the color of his or her skin.”

This story originally appeared in The Nation.
Copyright © The Nation – distributed by Agence Global.

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ABOUT John Nichols

John Nichols, a pioneering political blogger, has written the Beat since 1999. His posts have been circulated internationally, quoted in numerous books and mentioned in debates on the floor of Congress. 

Neither can I! And I'm a

Neither can I! And I'm a 76-year-old Texan. According to Jim Hightower's recent article in Nation of Change News (9/26/2011) he has been on the government payroll virtually ALL HIS LIFE.......from family farm subsidies, free public education, election to state office.

I applaud the Court for this.

I applaud the Court for this. But why couldn't they issue a stay of execution for Troy Davis, whose guilt was seriously in question. Why was there never a reopening of his case when 7 of 9 jurors who convicted him recanted their decision?Could it be because he was also black?

What if he was a black

What if he was a black Muslim homosexual atheist communist?


To ludwig1251's........There's a difference between killing by the death penalty established by society and a member of society randomly killing someone. The death penalty is designed as a deterrent, to prevent people from committing random murders. If an individual chooses to ignore this and commit murder anyway, that individual is effectively telling society that they do not want to play by society's rules. To them murder is okay. Unfortunately for that murderer, society continues, and rightfully so, to play by the rules

If it's wrong for these

If it's wrong for these people to kill, what makes it right for the state to take what it can't give: a life?

I noticed DrWhite48 made a

I noticed DrWhite48 made a mistake about Kenneth McDuff, a convicted murderer in Texas who was released, because of a conservative ex-Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles board member acting as a consultant on McDuff's behalf. McDuff killed four women after being released. Not 19. How many other of those crimes did you conveniently lie about or distort?

It is still cheaper to

It is still cheaper to imprison for life (real life- none of this 25 to life junk) than to execute. On the occasion that the Justice does fail, we haven't killed the wrong guy.

The litany of those repeat offenders above is daunting and should never be allowed to happen. If life meant life then it wouldn't.

"On the occasion that the

"On the occasion that the Justice does fail, we haven't killed the wrong guy."

Really? Based on what facts and what evidence?

Let's see now. These are the

Let's see now. These are the pro-life people, right? The ones cheering on the "careful" executioner? They're pro-life as you long as you're a fetus and aren't born yet. Get born and black and watch out! Never mind that it is these Christians' god that said, "Don't kill." Their god is quite malleable and subject to being dismissed whenever he begins to sound like God. The Tea Party, of course, longing for "founding fathers'" (gods, to read or hear about them) values, embrace slavery, greed, violence, racism, and exclusion. I've never understood conservatives' insistence on going back to "the bad old days." Seems counter-intuitive, if not insane.


John McRae -- Michigan/Florida. Life for murder of 8-year-old boy. Pedophile. Paroled 1971. Convicted of another murder of a boy after parole, in Michigan 1998. Charges pending on 2 other counts in Florida.
John Miller -- California. Killed an infant 1957, convicted of murder, 1958. Paroled 1975. Killed his parents 1975. Life term 1975.
Michael Lawrence -- Florida. Killed robbery victim. Life term, 1976. Paroled 1985. Killed robbery victim. Condemned 1990.
Donald Dillbeck -- Florida. Killed policeman in 1979. Escaped from prison in 1990, kidnapped and killed female motorist after escape. Condemned 1991.
Edward Kennedy -- Florida. Killed motel clerk. Sentenced to Life. Escaped 1981. Killed policeman and male civilian after prison break. Executed 1992.
Dawud Mu'Min -- Virginia. Killed cab driver in holdup. Sentenced 1973. Escaped 1988. Raped/killed woman 1988. Condemned 1989. Executed 1997.
Viva Nash -- Utah/Arizona. Two terms of life for murder in Utah, 1978. Escaped in 1982. Murdered again. Condemned in Arizona, 1983.
Randy Greenawalt -- Escaped from Prison in 1978, while serving a life sentence for a 1974 murder. He then murdered a family of 4 people, shotgunning them to death, including a toddler.
Norman Parker -- Florida/D.C. Life term in Florida for murder, 1966. Escaped 1978. Life on another count of murder in 1979.
Winford Stokes -- Missouri. Ruled insane on two counts of murder 1969. Escaped from asylum, 1978. Murdered again. Executed for this murder, 1990.
Charles Crawford -- Missouri. Life term in 1965 for murder. Paroled 1990. Convicted of murder again in 1994.
Jack Ferrell -- Florida. Committed Murdered 1981. 15 years to life, 1982. Paroled 1987. Murdered again 1992. Condemned 1993.
Timothy Buss -- Murdered five-year-old girl. Sentenced to 25 years in 1981. Paroled 1993. Murdered 10-year-old boy. Condemned 1996.
Martsay Bolder -- Missouri. Serving a sentence of life for first-degree murder in 1973. Murdered prison cellmate 1979.
Henry Brisbon, Illinois. Murdered 2 in robbery. Sentenced to 1000- 3000 years. Killed inmate in prison 1982. Sentenced to DP. Commuted by Governor Ryan.
Randolph Dial -- Oklahoma. Life for murder 1986. Escaped from prison with deputy warden's wife as kidnap victim. 1989. Still at large. Warden's wife never found.
Arthur J. Bomar, Jr. -- released from prison in Nevada on parole in 1990. Bomar had served 11 years of a murder sentence for killing a man over an argument about a parking space. Six years later in Pennsylvania, Bomar brutally kidnapped, raped and murdered George Mason University star athlete Aimee Willard.
Dwain Little -- Oregon. Raped/Stabbed 16-year-old girl. Life term 1966. Paroled 1974. Returned as Parole Violator 1975. Again Released 1977. Then shot family of 4. Three consecutive life terms for rape and murder 1980.
Arthur Shawcross (The 'Monster of the Rivers') -- Released after serving a 25 year sentence for a child murder, turned to murdering prostitutes. At least 10 in all. Now serving ten consecutive sentences of 25 years to life - 250 years in all.
Samuel D. Smith -- in prison for murdering Zita Casey, 79, during a burglary in St. Louis in 1978. While in prison he murdered another inmate, Marlin May, during a knife fight in 1987 in prison.
Darrell P. Pandeli -- After being released from prison after a conviction for murder, Pandeli murdered a prostitute, cut off her nipples and flushed them down the toilet. Now on DR in Arizona for that second recidivist murder.
Chad Allen Lee -- Convicted of capital murder. Sentenced to other than death. Released and went on murder spree. Murdering Linda Reynolds, a pizza delivery person, and 9 days later robbed and murdered David Lacey, a taxi cab driver. Lee then robbed a mini-market 7 days after than. Shooting the owner, Harold Drury, multiple times without reason.
Scott Lehr -- Convicted of capital murder. Sentenced to other than death. Later released. After release, between Feb 91 and Feb 92 lured 10 different female victims, between the ages of 10 and 48-years-old, into his car. Raping and beating them unconscious, stripped and adandoned them in the desert. Three of his victims died in those acts.
James Erin McKinney -- Convicted of capital murder. Sentenced to other than death. Later released. Then murdered Christine Mertens in a home invasion robbery. Later murdered James McClain in another separate home invasion robbery.
Michael Murdaugh -- Convicted of capital murder. Sentenced to other than death. Later released. After release murdered David Reynolds. Beating him to death. When 'dumping' the body, Murdaugh severed Reynold's head and hands, pulled out his teeth, and buried the body parts.
Charles Daniels -- was convicted and sentenced to Life for the 1965 rape and murder of a Louisiana woman. Later having his sentence commuted, he was release. And he again killed another woman, 32-year-old Debbie Tatum.
Jarmarr Arnold -- who, while on DR, murdered another DR inmate by stabbing him in the forehead with a sharpen spike. Proving that not even a death sentence can prevent murder until the sentence is carried out.
Robert Lee Massie -- Sentenced to the DP, but overturned by Furman, which resulted in him committing further new murders.
Kenneth McDuff - Sentenced to the DP, but overturned by Furman. Subsequently released, and murdered as many as 19 young women after his release. Finally executed in 1998 for the murder of Melissa Ann Northrup see ... Who once remarked "Killing a woman is like killing a chicken. They both squawk."
Darryl Kemp -- Sentenced to the DP, but overturned by Furman. Subsequently released. Authorities now say he raped and strangled a woman jogging, less than 4 months later.
Timothy Hancock -- Serving a life sentence for a murder he committed in 1990, murdered his cellmate, Jason Wagner, in November 2000, while serving his life sentence.
Howard Allen -- murdered an elderly woman.. Opal Cooper, in Aug 1974, and was sentenced to 21 years in prison. By January 1985, less than ten years after being incarcerated, Howard Allen was released. On May 20, 1987 Howard Allen broke into the home of eighty-seven year old Laverne Hale, and savagely beat her to death. Six weeks later Allen struck again. On July 13, 1987 Howard Allen knocked on the door of Ernestine Griffin. At lunchtime the following day she was found murdered. On June 11, 1988 Allen was found guilty was found guilty of Ernestine’s murder.
Melvin Geary -- originally sentenced to L wop, for the stabbing death of a woman in 1973 with a boning knife. Changed to Life.. released... After his release, Geary was subsequently convicted of murdering 71-year-old Edward Colvin of Sparks, again with a boning knife after Colvin took him in.
William Coday Jr. -- convicted of murdering 19-year-old Lisa Hullinger in September 1978. After spending just 15 months in a German prison, he was released. In April 2002, he was convicted of having murdered Gloria Gomez on 13 July, 1997.
Corey R. Barton -- In 1983 he murdered 16-year-old Shari-Ann Merton. He received 18 years in prison. He was released after serving 9 years and 8 months. In November 1998, he murdered 27 year-old Sally Harris of North Carolina.
Cuhuatemoc Hinricky Peraita -- Rainbow City, Alabama, who was serving life without parole for 3 murders in Gadsden, Alabama was found guilty of capital murder for murdering a fellow inmate.
James Prestridge -- Sentenced to L wop, for murdering Esfandiar Ateighechi, as he begged for his life in 1989. Escaped from prison along with John Doran. After their escape Prestridge murdered his fellow-escapee John Doran, shooting him in the back of the head.
Jimmy Lee Gray -- who was free on parole from an Arizona conviction for killing a 16-year-old high school girl, kidnapped, sodomized, and suffocated a three-year-old Mississippi girl.
Jack Henry Abbott, who had murdered a fellow prison inmate, was released early from a Utah prison. On July 18, 1981, six-weeks after his release, Abbott stabbed actor Richard Adan to death in New York.
Benny Lee Chaffin, on December 7, 1984 kidnapped, raped, and murdered a 9-year-old Springfield, Oregon girl. He had been convicted of murder once before in Texas, but not executed.
Thomas Eugene Creech, who had been convicted of three murders and had claimed a role in more than 40 killings in 13 states as a paid killer for a motorcycle gang, killed a fellow prison inmate in 1981 and was sentenced to death.
Wayne Henry Garrison, 42, was convicted of 1st-degree murder in the death of Justin Wiles 13, of Tulsa. As a teenager, Garrison had killed two children in Tulsa. Police earlier said the circumstances of those killings were similar to Justin's death.
Tommy Arthur -- sentenced to die in Alabama's electric chair for killing Troy Wicker in a 1982 murder for-hire scheme in Muscle Shoals. Arthur had already been convicted in 1977 of killing the sister of his common-law wife. He had been sentenced to life for that murder.
Robert Lynn Pruett -- a convicted killer already serving a life sentence, fatally stabbed prison guard Daniel Nagle with a sharpened rod while patrolling the Texas Department of Criminal Justice McConnell Unit near Beeville in South Texas. It was the first fatal attack on a Texas corrections officer since guard Minnie Houston was stabbed to death in 1984 by an inmate at the Ellis Unit near Huntsville, a prison official said.
Miguel Salas Rodriguez -- charged in the murder of a sheriff's deputy. Sgt. David M. Furrh, 40, in Dec 2000. Rodriguez had a December 1973 conviction of homicide without malice, for which he was sentenced to five years in prison. And yet ANOTHER conviction for murder in April 1979, for which he was sentenced to 70 years in prison. Rodriguez was paroled in October 1989.
Bennie Demps --condemned to the DP for the 1976 murder of Alfred Sturgis, a prison snitch. Originally, Demps was sent to death row for the murders of R.N. Brinkworth and Celia Puhlick, who were fatally shot in a Lake County citrus grove. A year after Demps was sent to death row, the U.S. Supreme Court threw out capital punishment across the country, ruling death sentences had been imposed in an arbitrary way. Another failure of the Furman-commuted murderers.
Leroy Schmitz -- convicted of strangling his live-in girlfriend in 1986, during an argument. He was sentenced to 18-20 years for that homicide. He was later convicted of murdering his wife, in Whitefish, Montana in 1999.
Vernon Sattiewhite -- In 1977, Sattiewhite had been sentenced to five years for a murder but was paroled two years later and granted clemency. In 1984, he was convicted of robbery and sentenced to two years in prison but was paroled after less than six months. Soon after he murdered his ex-girlfriend, Sandra Sorrell.
Tomas G. Ervin -- Sentenced to death in 1990, after conviction of the December 1988 murders of Mildred L. Hodges, 75, and her son, Richard E. Hodges. Bert Hunter, who was arrested along with Ervin pleaded guilty to the first-degree murder charges. Hunter and Ervin had met in the Missouri State Penitentiary, where they were both serving life sentences for previous murders.
William Michael "Billy the Kid" Mason -- killed his wife three weeks after he was paroled on another murder conviction.
Daniel Joe Hittle -- convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death for murdering a police officer Hittle, 40, was described by witnesses as a man who gleefully killed or tortured animals and who routinely beat women and children. He was on parole for the killings of his adoptive parents in Minnesota when he shot Garland police officer Gerald Walker during a traffic stop. Hittle then sped to East Dallas, where he fatally shot Mary Alice Goss, 39; Richard Joseph Cook Jr., 36; Raymond Scott Gregg, 19; and Goss' 4-year-old daughter Christy Condon.
Tony Walker -- Texas. Convicted of murder in 1978. Sentenced to 5 years. Murdered a 66 year-old woman and her 81 year-old husband in 1992. Jerome Butler -- Found guilty of the shooting of cab driver Nathan Oakley, 67. Oakley had been a Houston cab driver for 30 years. Butler had an extensive criminal history, including a 1959 conviction on two counts of robbery and assault in New York City. Butler had previously served about 10 years of a 30-year sentence after pleading guilty to the murder of A.C. Johnson, 69.
Dalton Prejean -- killed a taxi driver when he was 14, . When he was 17, he gunned down a state trooper in Lafayette, Louisiana. Despite protests from the American Civil Liberties Union and other abolitionist groups, Prejean was executed for the second murder on May 18, 1990.
Phillip Jablonski -- Carol Spadoni married Jablonski on June 16, 1982, while he was serving a prison sentence for the 1979 murder of his third wife, Melinda Kimball. After she became his pen-pal correspondent in prison. Jablonski murdered his prison pen-pal wife and her mother. And the day before those murders he had murdered Fathyma Vann, 38, in Indio, about 25 miles from Palm Springs, Vann was found shot and sexually mutilated in the desert with ``I love Jesus'' carved in her back." Now GET THIS -- See... It seems that Phillip Jablonski, now in prison after ALL those murders, placed an ad for a pen-pal -- "Jewish Death Row inmate, white, 51 years old, seeking understanding and open female or male for honest correspondence. Amateur poet, artist. Will answer all correspondence received. PHILLIP JABLONSKI, C-02477/SE95, San Quentin, CA 94974"
Jerry Michael Ward -- Originally sentenced to die in the electric chair, for committing murder with malice in the rape and murder of a Houston school girl. His sentence was commuted to life in prison when the U.S. Supreme Court abolished the death penalty in 1972. Although the death penalty was reinstated, the sentence was not. He was subsequently paroled in 1984 after serving 18 years in prison. He was the number one suspect in two new cases, involving the the disappearance of Connie Sue Cooke, and the murder of Brenda Maureen Hackett. But althought police were on the verge of arresting him, Ward committed suicide in a self-inflicted execution.
David E. Maust -- Hammond, Illinois. Murdered a 15-year-old boy in 1981. After released murdered three teenage boys, in circumstances similiar to John Wayne Gacy... burying their bodies in concrete in his basement.
James Homer Elledge -- sent to prison for life in 1975 after beating a Seattle motel owner to death with a ball-peen hammer. In the years that followed, he won parole 3 times, most recently in August 1995. prosecutors have now charged Elledge with 1st-degree murder for allegedly stabbing and strangling Eloise Jane Fitzner, 47, in a church basement.
Zeno E. Sims -- sent to prison for eight years for the murder of a 24-year-old-man. Released on parole, in Kansas City, he then murdered DeAntreia L Ashley, a 15-year-old-girl, after a minor traffic accident.
Arthur James Julius -- convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. In 1978, he was given a brief leave from prison, during which he raped and murdered a cousin. He was sentenced to death for that crime and was executed on November 17, 1989.
In March 1979, a Graterford (Pa.) prison guard was murdered brutally by an inmate. The inmate -- at the time he murdered the guard -- already was serving a life sentence for the triple murder of two infants and an elderly woman.
In 1994, an inmate who already was serving two life sentences in the Philadelphia Industrial Correctional Center was sentenced to three more after he was convicted of stabbing three prison guards.
In 1995, two death-row inmates at the Florida State Prison in Starke were killed by their fellow inmates.
In 1999, a Beeville (Texas) prison guard was killed by an inmate already serving a sentence for murder.
On November 9, 1983 Associate U.S. Attorney General D. Lowell Jensen told a Senate subcommittee that it is impossible to punish or even deter such prison murders because, without a death sentence, a violent life-termer has free rein "to continue to murder as opportunity and his perverse motives dictate."
On October 22, 1983 at the federal penitentiary in Marion, Illinois, two prison guards were murdered in two SEPARATE instances by SEPARATE inmates who were both serving life terms for previously murdering inmates.
How many 'chances' would you GIVE THEM GENTLE READER? HOW MANY CHANCES?

Actually, Perry may be

Actually, Perry may be "gung-ho" for executions, but the new DA in Dallas is Craig Watkins. He has opened old cases and done dna testing to make sure that justice was served and many have been released with DNA evidence proved they were innocent. He truly tries to make sure justice was served and he's done a fantastic job. Here is some info from his website:

Inaugurated in January of 2007 and re-elected in 2010, Criminal District Attorney Craig Watkins is the chief law enforcement officer for Dallas County, Texas.

Committed to the concept of doing the right thing, our talented and diverse staff prides itself on seeking justice not on high conviction rates. We believe in being smart on crime. This means convicting the guilty and freeing the innocent. This also means addressing the underlying issues that cause the majority of individuals to commit crimes including but not limited to, lack of an education, lack of a marketable skill and illegal substance abuse.

Taking the smart on crime approach also means punishing with the purpose of making sure low-level offenders become law-abiding, productive members of society and more importantly, doing what we can from a prosecution perspective to ensure they do not create new victims. Being smart on crime means we can lower the crime and recidivism rates, and in doing so protect the citizens of Dallas County.

On this site, you will find descriptions of the various divisions in the office, details about our new initiatives to fight and prevent crime in the communities where we live and work, information about career opportunities at the Dallas County District Attorney's Office and a host of other helpful resources to assist you in navigating through the County's criminal justice system.

Craig Watkins
Criminal District Attorney

There should never be an

There should never be an execution if there is serious doubt about someones guilt. And I'm pretty sure that years in prison probably didn't help these people. Just take a good look at the criminal justice system in America. It's a breeding ground for violent behavior. We pay lots of money to lock these people up, but do not invest in education and counseling. Non-violent offenders should not even be locked up with violent offenders in my opinion. It produces worse criminals and then turns them out to the public.

OF COURSE it was wrong and

OF COURSE it was wrong and evil of those people to kill -- but what makes you think that it's NOT wrong and evil for the state to take what it can't give: a life?

For every one of the cases

For every one of the cases you mentioned, and many, many more, you can find similar instances where the defendant was wrongfully convicted of the crime due to faulty eyewitness testimony, prosecutors wrongfully withholding or using tainted evidence, incompetent or ineffective legal representation for poor defendants, etc., etc. This debate stems from research down by the University of Illinois in which over 1,000 death row cases were investigated and found that as many of 30% of all the convictions in death row cases were improper based on faulty evidence, prosecutorial misconduct, and flawed or incorrect eye-witness testimony. There have been several recent cases in Texas where convicted criminals have been completely exonerated of the crimes for which they were convicted due to new DNA evidence that proved they could not have committed the crime. Perry's assumption that the process in Texas in death row convictions is "thoughtful and thorough" is fiction on his part to back up his political agenda.

Notice how old most of these

Notice how old most of these cases were. Many were also from Fla., which no longer has parole. Most murders by inmates are perpetrated by people NOT there for murder. Modern prisons are FAR more difficult to escape from than when most of these escapes occurred.

In other words, your examples are worthless. They are irrelevant as evidence that murderers should be executed to protect the lives of others. It's not a matter of giving anyone "chances". This case has nothing at all to do with that. The efficacy of the death penalty is not even under discussion. If it was, your examples would still be pointless.

(1) Nobody is talking about

(1) Nobody is talking about releasing this guy; (2) prison guards are or at least should be aware of the dangers involved in their work and they are potentially at risk from all inmates, even those not convicted of murder. So, maybe we should execute everybody convicted of any crime, just to be on the safe side?

Um, this guy wasn't innocent

Um, this guy wasn't innocent and no one has argued that he was. They just say he was unfairly sentenced due to his race and avoid mentioning the fact that he shot his girlfriend and another man to death in 1995.

I liked Lawrence O'Donnell's

I liked Lawrence O'Donnell's question: Would Rick Perry have acted any differently if he had been Roman governor of Judea/Israel instead of Pontius Pilate?

I'm sure Perry would have

I'm sure Perry would have been very "thoughtful" right before he sentenced Jesus to death by crucifixion.

Do you think the governor of

Do you think the governor of TX cares anything about poor people, even though he grew up poor in Paint Creek. can't believe TX kept him in office for so many years.

Norman Allen's picture

No one really knows how many

No one really knows how many innocent people Texas has executed. If anyone investigated the executions and linked them to DNA tests, there could a whole new pattern emerge, showing that crimes were blamed on the wrong, powerless and poor people...

The Innocence Project

The Innocence Project estimates that one in ten death row prisoners are innocent. Even giving them a 100% margin of error, that's 5%.

In Texas, they'd rather kill 1 innocent person than let 20 get away with merely a life sentence with no possibility of parole.

Another good reason to give Texas back to Mexico.

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