Mock COP26 participants presented the 18-point treaty, which includes calls for climate education at all levels, a legally recognized crime of ecocide and a green recovery from the coronavirus pandemic, to UK High Level Climate Action Champion Nigel Topping in a closing ceremony, The Guardian reported.
“Mock COP26 sends a strong message to world leaders that young people can coordinate global negotiations and we have the solutions. Now is the time for us to have a seat at the table,” Guyana delegate Suphane Dash-Alleyne told The Guardian.
The Mock COP26 conference included 330 delegates from 140 countries, according to the conference declaration. The delegates were aged 11 to 30 and were 63 percent female or non-binary. Seventy-two percent of delegates hailed from the Global South, and the conference was designed to prioritize their voices. When voting for policies, each vote from a Global South delegate was weighted 1.1 if it would impact the outcome of the vote. Global South countries were also allowed up to five delegates each compared to three for Global North countries.
“My country is very vulnerable to the impact of climate change, particularly rising sea levels and coastal erosion, so I feel like Mock COP26 has really helped us raise our concerns and speak for the voiceless,” Sainey Gibba, a 23-year-old delegate from the Gambia, told The Guardian.
The final treaty, which the delegates hope will be adapted into law by the countries participating in COP26 next year, is crafted around six themes: climate education, climate justice, climate resilient livelihoods, physical and mental health, and nationally determined contributions under the Paris agreement, and protecting biodiversity.
Its demands are as follows:
- Up-to-date education about the climate crisis for all children.
- Education about our connection with nature for all children.
- Legal protections for Indigenous rights.
- UN recognition of a right to a healthy environment and the implementation of a UN Universal Declaration on the Rights of Nature.
- A legal mandate that all polluting or extractive industries must operate sustainably, follow regulations and respect the rights of workers and surrounding communities.
- The implementation of a law defining and penalizing ecocide.
- The development of a mechanism to involve young people in national decision-making relating to the climate crisis.
- The passing or enforcing of rights for people involved in environmental or social justice activism.
- The implementation of a National Adaptation Plan to help communities adapt to the climate crisis and retrain in climate-safe jobs.
- The passing of policies that support sustainable agriculture.
- A Green Recovery from the coronavirus pandemic.
- Ensuring children’s right to spend time in nature by protecting or restoring wild areas.
- Ensuring safe and breathable air.
- Ensuring access to child-friendly mental health services, including for the treatment of eco-anxiety.
- Cutting emissions enough to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
- Establishing detailed timetables for when countries will phase out different fossil fuels.
- Committing to and funding plans to restore at least 30 percent of marine and land ecosystems by 2030.
- Phasing out all unnecessary single-use plastics while ensuring people with disabilities can access the tools they need.
The treaty was developed with the help of lawyers from charity ClientEarth.
“The youth behind Mock COP26 have created a powerful statement calling on governments to take action to protect future generations from the worst impacts of climate change,” ClientEarth chief executive and founder James Thornton told The Guardian. “Decisions taken by governments now will affect the youngest generation for many years to come.”
The question now remains whether world leaders will accept the young activists’ treaty as legally binding.
“It’s an uphill fight, but I’m optimistic that it’s going to get a lot of attention,” ClientEarth legal researcher Ellie Gold told Grist.
However, Iris Zhan, a 16-year-old high school junior from Columbia, Maryland who was also a Mock COP26 volunteer, said she also hoped the conference would show the effectiveness of young climate leaders and offer lessons for the adult organizers of the official COP, even if the treaty does not become law.
“If COP was youth-led, we would make so much more progress than we have in the last decade,” Zhan told Grist.