California’s $20 minimum wage for fast food workers goes into effect: A milestone in wage equity

Fast food workers at establishments with at least 60 locations nationwide will see their wages increase to $20 an hour, a substantial uplift from the federal minimum wage of $7.25.


California has taken a monumental leap forward in the fight for fair wages, setting a new benchmark by raising the minimum wage for fast food workers to an unprecedented $20 per hour. This landmark decision marks a significant victory for labor advocates and sets a new precedent for wage standards across the nation.

Under the new legislation, fast food workers at establishments with at least 60 locations nationwide will see their wages increase to $20 an hour, a substantial uplift from the federal minimum wage of $7.25, which has remained unchanged since 2009. This law specifically targets large fast food chains, excluding restaurants within supermarkets and bread-baking establishments.

Data and research consistently debunk the myth that higher minimum wages lead to job losses in the fast food sector:

  • From 2015 to 2023, as California’s minimum wage rose by 72% from $9 to $15.50, the fast food industry added 142,000 jobs.
  • Studies, including a 2024 analysis of California and New York’s wage hike to $15, show no loss in fast food employment post-increase, with some areas even seeing job growth.

Corporate response and “greedflation”

Despite the positive impact on workers, some corporations have expressed concerns, often citing automation as a potential alternative to human labor. However, insights from industry leaders reveal a different story:

  • McDonald’s: CEO Chris Kempczinski has stated that even at $20 an hour, humans are more cost-effective than robots, indicating that automation is not a viable replacement in the near future.
  • Regional Fast Food Chains: CEOs argue that technology, while supplemental, cannot replace human workers, emphasizing that automation serves to reallocate human resources to enhance customer experiences rather than reduce workforce.

The wage increase has been met with widespread support from workers and unions, highlighting its impact on racial and gender justice within the industry:

  • Fast food workers, 80% of whom are people of color and two-thirds women, stand to benefit significantly from this wage adjustment, addressing long-standing inequities.

Various studies bolster the case for wage increases, demonstrating minimal to no adverse effects on employment:

A 2018 study across six cities, including three in California, found a 2.1% increase in food service jobs following substantial minimum wage hikes.Research from 2021 analyzing 21 city-level wage increases concluded that employment changes were negligible, affirming the sustainability of wage hikes.

Critics of the wage increase have raised concerns about potential repercussions, such as increased consumer prices and pressure on small businesses. However, the substantial profits and price hikes already enacted by fast food chains suggest room for wage increases without drastic negative impacts:

McDonald’s reported over 20% price increases over two years while achieving significant profit growth.Chipotle implemented several price hikes, totaling over 20%, further indicating the industry’s profitability margin that can accommodate wage increases.

The establishment of the Fast Food Council in California empowers the body to adjust wages annually by up to 3.5% through 2029, ensuring that fast food workers’ pay keeps pace with economic conditions.

Joseph Bryant, executive vice president of the Service Employees International Union, emphasized the impact of this change, stating, “The vast majority of fast food locations in California operate under the most profitable brands in the world. Those corporations need to pay their fair share and provide their operators with the resources they need to pay their workers a living wage without cutting jobs or passing the cost to consumers.”


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