Joya Misra's research and teaching primarily focus on social inequality, including inequalities by gender and gender identity, race, ethnicity, sexuality, nationality, citizenship, parenthood status, and educational level. I try to understand the role that policies play in both mediating and entrenching inequality, and my aim is to create more equitable societies. In all of my work, I consider how policies may work to both reinforce and lessen inequalities. My work falls into the subfields of political sociology, economic sociology, public policy, work & labor, family, race/gender/class, comparative historical sociology, and welfare states. My work has appeared in the American Sociological Review, American Journal of Sociology, Gender & Society, Social Forces, Social Problems, and numerous other professional journals and edited volumes. I edited the journal Gender & Society, a top-ranked journal in both Gender Studies and Sociology, from 2011-2015.