Biden admin set to proceed with largest offshore oil & gas lease sale in U.S. history

The administration says it was forced to go ahead with the sale by a court decision, while environmental activists argue it could have done more to fight back.

Image Credit: Rob_Ellis/E+/Getty Images

In two days, the Biden administration will oversee the largest offshore oil and gas lease sale in U.S. history.

The sale will make more than 80 million acres in the Gulf of Mexico available for drilling, HuffPost reported. That’s an area larger than the state of New Mexico, and it would add 1.1 billion barrels of oil and 4.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas to global production over the coming decades, despite the fact that scientists agree we must rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to avoid the worst impacts of the climate crisis. While the administration says it was forced to go ahead with the sale by a court decision, environmental activists argue it could have done more to fight back.

“You promised to address the climate crisis with the urgency it deserves, and in Glasgow, you assured the world that your plans to cut emissions are a fait accompli, not mere rhetoric,” a coalition of 267 Indigenous and environmental groups wrote in a letter to President Joe Biden protesting the sale. “Selling more than 80 million acres in the Gulf of Mexico for oil and gas development just days after the international climate talks makes a mockery of those commitments.”

The sale comes the week after the COP26 climate conference concluded in Glasgow, during which Biden promised the U.S. would “hopefully lead by the power of our example” and reduce emissions by around 50 percent of 2005 levels by 2030, NPR reported.

The sale was scheduled in September after a judge blocked Biden’s moratorium on oil and gas leasing on public land, The AP reported. At first, the administration had postponed lease sales scheduled for March, but 13 states including Louisiana sued, and a judge ruled in July that the administration had skipped important steps in implementing the moratorium. The administration said in August that it would appeal the ruling, but continue with the sale.

“The administration has made clear that it disagrees with the ruling and the Department of Justice has appealed it, but the government must comply with it in the meantime,” White House spokesman Vedant Patel said in a statement emailed to HuffPost.

However, the Indigenous, environmental, frontline, business and social justice groups that signed last week’s letter pointed out that the area offered for sale was even larger than what was originally proposed by the Trump administration, and that the Biden administration concluded that the sale would not contribute to the climate crisis and did not consider new information about its potential impacts on climate, frontline communities and vulnerable species.

A coalition of environmental groups including Friends Of The Earth, Healthy Gulf, the Sierra Club and the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) also sued the Interior Department in August to block the sale.

“Climate change is rapidly intensifying Gulf storms, fueling uncontrollable wildfires in the West and threatening numerous species with extinction,” CBD oceans program litigation director Kristen Monsell told The AP. “We need to end offshore oil drilling, not burden future generations with this dirty and dangerous folly.”

Earthjustice attorney Drew Caputo argued to HuffPost that there is more the Biden administration could have done to stop the sale:

  1. It could have asked the appeals court to suspend the judge’s ruling while the appeal proceeds.
  2. It could have declared the sale illegal under the National Environmental Policy Act because future drilling will contribute to the climate crisis.
  3. It could have used the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act to remove offshore areas from potential leasing.

“I’m not saying there wouldn’t be legal and political consequences of taking any of these steps. I assume that the industry and their political allies would sue instantly,” Caputo told HuffPost. “But we have an unbroken, scientific consensus that we are out of time to take action to deal with climate change. Given the fact that 25% of U.S. carbon emissions come from federal oil, gas and coal, there is no way the U.S. can meet its climate obligations by continuing to operate the program with business as usual. And that’s what proceeding with this lease sale does.”


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