UNRWA faces collapse: Israeli actions and funding cuts threaten agency’s future

Facing unprecedented challenges, UNRWA pleads for international support as Israel's relentless attacks and defunding threats push the agency to the brink.


The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) is teetering on the brink of collapse, according to a dire warning issued by its chief, Philippe Lazzarini. In a candid letter addressed to Dennis Francis, the President of the UN General Assembly, Lazzarini outlined the severe challenges crippling the agency, primarily due to Israeli pressures and a significant cut in international funding.

“For years, we have navigated through challenges, but the current crisis is unprecedented,” Lazzarini stated, emphasizing the gravity of the situation. The agency, pivotal in providing essential services to Palestinian refugees, finds itself in turmoil amidst allegations from the Israeli government, leading to a drastic reduction in financial support from key donor countries.

Israel accused 12 UNRWA staff members of affiliating with Hamas, triggering a suspension of funds from 16 countries, which constitutes about 70% of the agency’s budget. However, Lazzarini highlighted, “To date, no evidence has been shared by Israel with UNRWA to substantiate these claims.” This lack of transparency raises concerns about the motivations behind the allegations and their timing.

The financial strain is further exacerbated by Israeli actions aimed at constraining UNRWA’s operations. Among these, the demand from the Israeli Land Authority for UNRWA to vacate a key training center in East Jerusalem and settle a fee exceeding $4.5 million stands out as a significant hurdle. Additionally, restrictive visa policies for international staff and legislative efforts to limit UNRWA’s presence underscore the intensifying clampdown on the agency.

The humanitarian implications of these developments are profound. Lazzarini warned, “In just over four months in Gaza, the toll has been devastating, with more children, journalists, medical personnel, and UN staff killed than in any other conflict worldwide during the same period.” The bombardment of over 150 UNRWA premises, resulting in significant casualties and injuries, underscores the dire situation on the ground.

At the core of the debate over UNRWA’s future is not merely its operational neutrality but a broader political contestation. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s recent calls for the agency’s dismantlement, amid one of the worst humanitarian crises in recent history, reflect a strategic move to redefine the peace parameters within the occupied Palestinian territories.

Facing a critical juncture, the UN General Assembly is urged to make a pivotal decision. “The choice is clear,” Lazzarini implored, advocating for a moment of crisis to become a catalyst for peace. He proposes a reevaluation of UNRWA’s funding model to ensure its sustainability, moving away from reliance on voluntary contributions that leave the agency vulnerable to political fluctuations.

As the international community deliberates on the path forward, the fate of countless Palestinian refugees hangs in the balance. The resolution of this crisis transcends the immediate financial and operational challenges confronting UNRWA; it touches upon the fundamental rights and dignities of millions seeking refuge and the broader quest for peace in the Middle East.

In conclusion, Lazzarini’s plea serves as a stark reminder of the stakes involved, urging the General Assembly to bolster political support for UNRWA or pave the way for a durable political solution. “The international community’s response will not only determine the future of UNRWA but also signal its commitment to upholding the principles of humanity, neutrality, and the pursuit of peace,” he remarked, encapsulating the essence of this critical moment in history.


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